Food Where Does It Come From

NCERT TEXT BOOK EXERCISES

Q1. Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food ?

Ans. No. The food requirements of all living organisms vary. On the basis of food requirements, living organisms are grouped into three categories :

(i) Herbivores : These animals eat only plants or plant products. For example : Cow, elephant, rabbit, horse, etc.

(ii) Carnivores : These animals eat other animals. For example : Lion, tiger, lizard, etc.

(iii) Omnivores : These animals eat both plants and animals. For example : Dog, cat, crow, etc.

Q2. Name five plants and their parts that we consume.

Ans.

Plant Edible plant part
Carrot Root
Peas Seed
Apple Fruit
Cauliflower Flower
Cabbage Leaf

Q3. Match the items given in Column A with those in Column B.

Column A Column B
Milk, curd, paneerghee eat other animals
Spinach, cauliflower, carrot eat plants and plant products
Lions and tigers are vegetables
Herbivores are all animal products

Ans.

Column A Column B
Milk, curd, paneerghee are all animal products
Spinach, cauliflower, carrot are vegetables
Lions and tigers eat other animals
Herbivores eat plants and plant products

Q4. Fill up the blanks with the words given :

herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore

(a) Tiger is a _________ because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called _________.

(c) Parrot eats only _________ products.

(d) The _______that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from _________ .

Ans. (a) Tiger is a carnivore because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called herbivore.

(c) Parrot eats only plant products.

(d) The milk that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from sugarcane.

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